As a cricket-playing nation, Australia is considered a highly professional cricketing nation with the most number in the world cup. Commonwealth Games All-time medal table including Birmingham 2022 – after day eight, 5 August Australia was at the top. Australia is a beautiful ocean with gorgeous physically fit people. Australia ranks amongst the highest in the world for quality of life, democracy, health, education, economic freedom, civil liberties, safety, and political rights, with all its major cities faring exceptionally in global comparative livability surveys.
- Officially name Commonwealth of Australia.
- Area of 7,617,930 square kilometres (2,941,300 sq mi).
- The largest country by area in Oceania and the world’s sixth-largest country.
- The mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands.
- The land is the oldest, flattest, and driest inhabited continent, with the least fertile soils.
- A megadiverse country and its size give it a wide variety of landscapes and climates, with deserts in the center, tropical rainforests in the northeast, and mountain ranges in the southeast.
The Aboriginal Australians: (a member of one of the tribes living in Australia when Europeans arrived there. The islands are considered by the west coast Aboriginals to be ‘the place where time began. Synonyms: original inhabitant, native, aborigine, indigene More Synonyms of aboriginal.) began arriving from southeast Asia thousand years ago.
History of Australia
- Arriving by sea, they settled the continent and would form approximately 250 distinct language groups by the time of European settlement, maintaining some of the longest-known continuing artistic and religious traditions in the world.
- In 1606 the Dutch navigator Willem Janszoon was the first known European to reach Australia
- In 1770, the British explorer James Cook mapped and claimed the east coast of Australia for Great Britain.
- 1788 arrives the First Fleet of British ships arrived at Sydney to establish the penal colony of New South Wales.
- 1850 The European population grew steadily in subsequent decades during, the gold rush, most of the continent had been explored by European settlers, and an additional five self-governing British colonies established
1901 JANUARY 01 Democratic parliaments were gradually established through the 19th century, culminating with a vote for the federation of the six colonies and the foundation of the Commonwealth of Australia. Australia has since maintained a stable liberal democratic political system and a wealthy market economy. Politically, Australia is a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy, comprising six states and ten territories. Australia’s population of nearly 26 million is highly urbanized and heavily concentrated on the eastern seaboard. Australia’s cities are located within its six states: New South Wales, South Australia, Tasmania, Western Australia, Victoria, and Queensland.
The largest cities are Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth, and Adelaide Canberra is the nation’s capital, while its most populous city and financial center are in Sydney.
Australia’s demography has been shaped by centuries of immigration: immigrants account for 30% of the country’s population, and almost half of Australians have at least one parent born overseas.
Australia’s abundant natural resources and well-developed international trade relations are crucial to the country’s economy, which generates its income from various sources including services, mining exports, banking, manufacturing, agriculture, and international education.
Australia is a highly developed country with a high-income economy.
2022, it was the world’s twelfth-largest economy with the ninth-highest per capita income.
2017, it ranked as fifth-highest Human Development Index. Australia is a regional power and has the world’s thirteenth-highest military expenditure It is a member of international groupings including the United Nations, the G20, the OECD, the WTO, ANZUS, AUKUS, Five Eyes, the Quad, APEC, the Pacific Islands Forum, the Pacific Community and the Commonwealth of Nations.
School is compulsory from 5 until 16. In some states (Western Australia, Northern Territory, and New South Wales), children aged 16–17 are required to either attend a school or participate in vocational training. Australia has an adult literacy rate that was estimated to be 99% in 2003
37 universities are government funded About 58% of Australians aged from 25 to 64 have vocational or tertiary qualifications and the tertiary graduation rate of 49% is the highest among OECD countries. 30.9% of Australia’s population has attained a higher education qualification.
In 2019 international students highest ratio per head of population in the world by a large margin, with 812,000 international students enrolled in the nation’s universities and vocational institutions
With a significant proportion of international students remaining in Australia after graduation on various skill and employment visas, Education is Australia’s third-largest export, after iron ore and coal, and contributed over $28 billion to the economy in 2016–17.
In 2018, Australia ranked third among top study-abroad destinations with a total market value of over 5 billion AUD (3.47 billion USD) generated by international students, 869,709 international students were enrolled in educational programs in Australia, which was about 8.8% higher than the amount (799,371). They come to gain a high-quality education, possibly immigrate, or experience a different life. Each year, many new international students will enroll in Australian courses and add to the already significant international student body around the country.
International student career
In 2019, Australia has the highest ratio of international students per capita in the world by a large margin and represented an average of 26.7% of the student body population in Australian universities. International education, therefore, represents one of the country’s largest exports and has a pronounced influence on the country’s demographics, with a significant proportion of international students remaining in Australia after graduation on various skill and employment visas.
According to data released by the Departure of Education and Training of the Australian Government, China is the most significant source of international students to Australia. India had the second largest proportion of enrollments, followed by Brazil, Nepal, and Malaysia.
All international students’ visa requirements
- Student visa Department of Home Affairs of the Australian Government, needs to submit the electronic Confirmation of Enrolment (CoE)
- English language proficiency test score to lodge their visa application.
Minimum English language proficiency test score required
(IELTS) 5.5 5.0 4.5
(TOEFL) 46 35 32
CAE 162 154 147
(PTE Academic) 42 36 30
OE Pass (A orB) (A orB) Pass (A orB)
- Financial evidence visa applicants must prove that they have enough financial ability to pay for their tuition fees, books, and daily living expenses while they study in Australia.
- Valid student visa
Good news for international students
After the Australian government published the new immigration policy, international students are encouraged to study, work and stay in regional areas in Australia, such as Adelaide, Tasmania, and the Northern Territory. To protect the local workforce, the Australian government intends to reduce the number of accepted migrants, and in the long term, the government aims to set the cap on skilled immigration to about 160,000.
Top 5 universities in Australia
- Australian National University (ANU)
- Ranked 27th in the world, according to QS Rankings 2022.
- Location ANU is an Australian public university located in Canberra, the capital of Australia.
- The first research-based university in Australia.
Today, ANU had a wide range of courses ranging from undergraduate courses to post-graduate courses. Through ANU, you are allowed to apply for a multitude of scholarships offered especially for international students. ANU also provides its students with global opportunities, as they will be able to travel, and experience diverse cultures.
2. The University of Melbourne
- The University of Melbourne, located in Melbourne,
- 37th in the world, according to QS Rankings 2022
- The Graduate Employability 2022 University of Melbourne is ranked 7th in the world
- Recommended Programs
- Anatomy & Physiology
- Arts and Humanities
University of Sydney
- Australia and 38th place in the top universities worldwide, QS Rankings 2022.
- The University of Sydney is Australia’s very first and oldest university with a history stretching back to the 1850s. It has been reputed as a university with one of the most beautiful campuses in the world, with a multitude of facilities catered especially for its students.
- The University of Sydney is also the 1st in Australia and 4th in the world for graduate employability.
- Recommended Programs
- Engineering – Civil and Structural
- Architecture and Built Environment
- Accounting and Finance
- Communication and Media Studies
4.University of New South Wales (UNSW)
- The 43rd place globally, according to QS Rankings 2022.
- Australian public research-based university located in Sydney, Australia. It is one of the founding members of the Group of Eight, which is a coalition of Australian Research Institutions. It is reputed as one of the best universities for business and entrepreneurship and was awarded the top provider of MBA programs according to the Financial Times 2014.
- Recommended Programs
Six subjects ranked among the top 20 subjects internationally in the QS Rankings
- Mineral and Mining Engineering
- Civil and Structural Engineering
- Petroleum Engineering
- Accounting and Finance
- Environment Science
5 University of Queensland
- Ranks 47th globally in the QS Rankings 2022.
- The University of Queensland is an Australian public research-based university located in Brisbane, Australia. Past students or alumni from the University of Queensland include a Nobel laureate, an Academy Award winner, and leaders in government, law, science, public service, and the arts.
- The high ranking of the University of Queensland is thanks to its strong research efforts in fields such as science, technology, and medicine.
- Recommended Programs
- Engineering – Mineral & Mining
- Environmental Science